1.UN New York 2.Int’ l Court of Justice The Hague 3.UNDP,UNICEF New York 4.UNEP Nairobi 5.UNHCR Geneva 6.IAEA,UNIDO Vienna 7.FAO Rome 8.UNESCO,ESRO Paris 9.IMF Paris & Geneva 10.World Bank (IBRD) Washington DC 11.WIPO,WTO Geneva 12.IMO London 13.UPU Berne 14.ICAO Montreal 15.ADB Manila 16.ASEAN Djakarta 17.CARICOM Georgetown (Guyana) 18.CIS Minsk(Belarus)
B. Rivers Brahmaputra – 2900 km Indus - 2900 km Ganga - 2510 km Godavari – 1450 km Narmada – 1290 km Krishna – 1290 km Mahanadi – 890 km Kaveri – 760 km
Ranking of rivers on the basis of length and direction (west to east ,north to south etc) is a frequently asked question in UPSC prelims. One should also have a good idea about the important international rivers. Ensemble’s Geography through Maps is a good book to follow even for non-geography optional students.
C. Information on important straits : 1.Gibraltar strait separates Spain and Morocco. 2.Magellan strait separates Chile and Tierra del Fugeo. 3.Bass strait separates Australia and Tasmania. 4.Torres strait separates Australia and Papua New Guinea. 5.Bab-al-Mandab strait separates Yemen and Djibouti. 6.Strait of Hormuz separates Iran and UAE. 7.Strait of Malacca separates Malaysia and Sumatra. 8.Selat-sunda strait separates Sumatra and Java.
One should look up all important straits in Atlas and in fact referring atlas should become an important part of reading newspaper.Whenever and wherever one encounters the name of any place or country that one cannot place geographically ,one must immediately look it up in Atlas and don’t stop there,go a step further by looking up nearby countries,mountain ranges,rivers and also whether any tropic or equator is passing through it.This will make the learning more complete and can very well make make the difference.
D.Random Information 1.Oxalic Acid – used to remove ink spots. 2.Sulphuric Acid – dehydrating agent. 3.Hydrogen Peroxide – bleaching agent. 4.Haber’s Process – Ammonia. 5.Ostwald’s Process – Nitric Acid. 6.Solvay Process – Sodium Carbonate. 7.Parke’s Process – Silver.